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San Felipe Fort in Bacalar

Bacalar

The history of Bacalar's San Felipe Fort begins in 1975, when it was designated a National Historical Heritage Site. Nowadays, is one of the main attractions of this Pueblo Mágico, on account of its history and privileged location next to the Lagoon of Seven Colors.

The fort served the purpose of protecting the Bacalar's Maya community from constant attacks by English, French, and Dutch pirates. To that end, the walls were built with marine and volcanic rocks, as well as limestone. The Italian architect, Juan Podio, was in charge of the design. It was he who designed it as a star with four points, respectively sheltering the Santa Ana, San Arturo, Santa Maria, and San Joaquin bulwarks.

The topmost section of the fort -which is now available to be toured- was used to store gunpowder and boasted a chapel, an armory, a storage room for groceries, and barracks for the troops. Moreover, the fort had 34 cannons, of which only 11 remain. Over the years, the San Felipe Fort was equipped with a drawbridge and watchtowers that overlook the Bacalar Lagoon.

In the 1980's, the fort was converted into a museum. Since then, it has housed a collection of Mayan and colonial archaeological artifacts, including ammunition, weapons, blueprints, and maps. It also has seven large screens, where pirate attack recreations are projected, as well as the story of how Bacalar was founded. It is often used to host cultural events in the evenings.
The history of Bacalar's San Felipe Fort begins in 1975, when it was designated a National Historical Heritage Site. Nowadays, is one of the main attractions of this Pueblo Mágico, on account of its history and privileged location next to the Lagoon of Seven Colors.

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The fort served the purpose of protecting the Bacalar's Maya community from constant attacks by English, French, and Dutch pirates. To that end, the walls were built with marine and volcanic rocks, as well as limestone. The Italian architect, Juan Podio, was in charge of the design. It was he who designed it as a star with four points, respectively sheltering the Santa Ana, San Arturo, Santa Maria, and San Joaquin bulwarks.

The topmost section of the fort -which is now available to be toured- was used to store gunpowder and boasted a chapel, an armory, a storage room for groceries, and barracks for the troops. Moreover, the fort had 34 cannons, of which only 11 remain. Over the years, the San Felipe Fort was equipped with a drawbridge and watchtowers that overlook the Bacalar Lagoon.

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