Yucatan

You will love the state of Yucatan in every way; It is the gateway to the Mayan world, the land of succulent gastronomy, the place where we will captivate you with a welcoming and friendly atmosphere, and with a warm climate and temperatures that invite you to live the holidays.

The history of Yucatan proper, begins from the Spanish conquest, in the first half of the XNUMXth century. Before that, the territory that today is called the Yucatan Peninsula, was a territorial space in which the Mayan people and culture developed, probably for more than a millennium, and which was called by the Maya themselves, the Mayab. The word Mayab, ma'ya'ab, means: few, not many; the place where there are few people or chosen people.
In the remote past, 65 million years ago, in the late Cretaceous, in the north of the peninsular region, a meteorite or a fraction of it fell, causing a global catastrophe by making dinosaurs disappear from the face of the earth. and provoke the so-called Chicxulub Crater.

It is believed that its name comes from some confusion between Mayans and Spaniards, when the latter misunderstood what the former told them. However, the confusing name of this territory does not matter when we discover that large Mayan cities inhabited by many generations of indigenous Mayans are located in it, even at the time of the arrival of the conquerors.

Control of the Mayapán region was held during the 1441th to XNUMXth centuries by the three most important cities in the area, Uxmal, Mayapán and Chichen-Itzá. But the ambition for power generated an internal struggle that in XNUMX ended the Mayapán region and its large cities, giving way to the formation of small lordships.

This new social structure facilitated the work of the Spanish who, stationed in neighboring lands of Campeche, soon took control of this part of the peninsula, under the command of Francisco de Montejo el Mozo, also founder of the town of Campeche.

When the conquerors arrived at the Mayan city T´ho, founded in 1240, they discovered remains of buildings similar to those of Roman architecture found in the city of Mérida, Spain; Thus, on their third expedition to Yucatecan territory on January 6, 1547, they founded the new capital of the region, Mérida.

With the remains of the ancient Mayan city, they dedicated themselves to building the foundations of the new colonial capital. Which did not receive orders from the capital established in Mexico, but from the audience established in Guatemala, beginning the history of isolation that the state always maintained from the rest of the Mexican country.

Despite the rapid control that the Spanish obtained in the main areas of the territory, Mayan communities that resisted being subdued remained in the fight until 1697, when the white man gained control of Petén Itzá.

At the end of the War of Independence (1821), the political conflicts of the new sovereign country began between liberals and conservatives, between federalists and centralists. Likewise, the peninsula rejected the imposition of a federal government in the country and between 1821 and 1825, Yucatan declared itself independent from the rest of the Mexican territory. Later, in 1841, an independent state was declared again as long as the Mexican territory was not constituted as a republic. This new independence lasted 2 years.

In 1847, the Mexican southeast was submerged in the indigenous rebellion known as the Caste War, in which the Mayans revolted against the government of the "whites" in an attempt to regain freedom and control of their lands.

And if this were not enough, within, Yucatan and Campeche also had innumerable disputes of an economic nature; until the 3 of May of 1858 the separation of both territories was signed; which was not officially recognized until 1863 when its sovereignty was ratified by the then President Benito Juárez.

During the time of the Porfiriato, haciendas and commerce flourished in Yucatan; however, it is also during his dictatorship that the territory of the current Mexican state of Quintana Roo is separated.

Yucatecans have known how to integrate their beliefs, celebrations and customs of yesteryear as a fundamental part of their daily lives, and thus create a magical syncretism and more alive than ever. Handicrafts, gastronomy, music and folklore, framed in a rhythm of colors, flavors, sounds and textures, are the irrefutable proof of a cultured land that enchants and welcomes all visitors with open arms. It is the quintessential cultural destination.

In every town and community in the state there is a multicolored fan of the historical heritage of the Mayans in the daily life of the Yucatecan. The aforementioned offers visitors the unique and unequaled opportunity to coexist with the uses and customs of the Mayan peoples, without leaving aside festivals, traditions and cultural places. An example is the Hanal Pixan, a banquet that is offered in honor of the souls or loved ones who have died, it is a celebration along with the Day of the Dead in Mexico, but with Mayan customs.

Some of the manifestations of Yucatecan culture that you should not miss are: the jarana, the vaquería, the traditional costume, the Yucatan trova, the legends, the architecture of its large houses and haciendas and many more.

Visiting Yucatan means taking a tour of colors, smells and flavors, since the mixture of ingredients used to create the many dishes that make up its gastronomy, become the guides of a culinary tour for lovers of good food. Red onion, tomato and coriander, or condiments and spices such as pumpkin seeds, oregano, sweet chili, annatto, xcatic chili, habanero chili, max chili and citrus fruits such as lime and sour orange, give it that unique and special seasoning. to the food of this State, which was once known as "the land of the pheasant and the deer".

Yucatecan gastronomy is the result, to a large extent, of its former isolation from the rest of the country and its constant treatment, through its ports, with Europe, Cuba and New Orleans. Today Yucatecan cuisine continues to establish itself as one of the most varied and emblematic in Mexico, accumulating awards for the quality and flavor of its dishes.

• Named Intangible Cultural Heritage of Yucatan since 2013.

• Mérida was designated in 2019 by UNESCO as part of its Creative Cities Network in the gastronomy category.

Do not miss trying some of the most emblematic such as: Lime soup, panuchos, salbutes, black filling, chaya and ball cheese empanadas, white filling, stuffed cheese, tzic venison and fish in Tikin-xic ... If your visit is during the celebration of the Dead or Hanal Pixán, you can try the delicious mucbipollo or "Pib", and to accompany, a large glass of pineapple water with chaya or pitahaya, depending on the season.