San Luis Potosi

If you are planning your next vacation and you have not yet decided where to go, but you study all the options available for your tastes, take a look at what the state of San Luis Potosí has ​​at your fingertips and you will surely be encouraged to come with the expectation to spend wonderful days in Potosí lands. The State of San Luis Potosí is a land of contrasts, among many other qualities, it has an exuberant biodiversity: its territory contains a large part of the Huasteca, in addition to other ideal ecological reserves for ecotourism. San Luis Potosí is the State of the Republic with the most waterfalls, a circumstance that obeys the combination of orographic and hydrographic wealth in the northeast tip of the State, better known as the Huasteca Potosina. This region of San Luis Potosí, with great biodiversity, extends from the Sierra Madre Oriental to the vicinity of the Gulf of Mexico.

Founded in 1592, the capital of Potosí is the legacy of generations that have had a firm aspiration to build a city proud of its culture, its history and its people, and the Historic Center is a faithful testimony to this. The attractions that are concentrated here are so close to each other that you can explore them on foot.

A warm reception

La Parade ground With its arches and cobblestones, it welcomes you to discover the character and temperament of this city dotted with fountains, gardens and wrapped in quarry aromas. On one side of this square you will find the maximum architectural jewel of Potosí: the Metropolitan Cathedral, which dates from 1670-1730 and whose baroque style treasures a repertoire of sacred art, such as the sculptures of the twelve apostles, sculpted in Carrara marble. Visit the city ​​Hall, built in 1835, and knows its hectic history through the guided tours offered by the Municipal Tourism Directorate from Monday to Friday.

A few steps away, the neoclassical cover of the government palace It opens its doors to discover spaces that narrate relevant passages of Mexican history, such as the Ponciano Arriaga Room, where President Benito Juárez established in 1963 the Supreme Court of Justice.

Just one street you will find the emblematic Plaza of the Founders, which used to be the axis of the city in its beginnings, and around it constructions that were transcendental in the political, economic, intellectual and educational development of the entity, such as the Central Building of the University, where in 1861 the Literary Scientific Institute was founded which became in 1923 the first autonomous university in Mexico. Attached are the Parish of El Sagrario, which between 1855 and 1866 held the rank of provisional cathedral, and the Parish of Loreto, whose baroque facade led it to be considered the most beautiful temple built by the Jesuits in Mexico. In a corner and occupying an entire block, the Ipiña building, an ambitious project that was ahead in design and functionality to its time - it was built between 1906 and 1912 -, since it integrated houses, offices, cinema and radio station, among other activities.

To the south, three buildings come together to tell you surprising stories: the Royal box, a national monument where in the XNUMXth century a fifth of the real mining tax was protected; the Monumental Palace, Francisco I. Madero's residence-jail in 1910 where the foundations were laid for the Plan of San Luis, a precursor document of the Mexican Revolution; and The Lonja, with its frenchified interiors in which the high society of Potosí coexists

Part of the usual tour of the Potosí families occurs in the San Francisco garden It welcomes you to offer you another recreational show starting with its baroque temple, which treasures valuable pictorial works and a beautiful sacristy inside. Admire the Building of the Ministry of Culture with its unique cookie-shaped ornamentation. Behind the temple, the esplanade of the Plaza de Aranzazú is presented as an elegant lobby to enter the Potosino Regional Museum that exhibits archaeological pieces from the region and on the upper floor is the Aranzazú Chapel shelters a gallery.

On the return to the heart of the Historic Center we suggest you make a stopover to admire the Temple of San Agustín (with its slender baroque tower from the XNUMXth century), and then take you to the space with the greatest historical, religious and artistic convergence in the city: the Plaza del Carmen. Here, tradition first marks a visit to the Temple of Carmen, a national monument of notable Mexican baroque style on its facade and highlighting the churrigueresque altarpiece of The Seven Princes. Upon leaving the temple, you will immediately find yourself in front of a building that was part of the former convent of the Carmelite Order and that today accommodates the Viceroyalty Museum with a collection of religious paintings, old portraits, luxury objects, wrought iron pieces and sculptures, as well as offering concerts and temporary artistic exhibitions of different genres.

The cultural repertoire of the square has another representative of ancestry in the Theater of Peace, a neoclassical Porfirian building with a French influence through which the capital's great cultural shows parade Competing in majesty, just in front of the theater the doors of the National Museum of the Mask with its wide permanent sample of Mexican masks from all over the country. Made in different techniques and materials, all have been used in funeral rituals, thanksgiving or request. Another area of ​​the museum recreates with original furniture the setting of a residence from the end of the XNUMXth century; while a third room offers you various artistic exhibitions.

But without a doubt what will most attract your attention will be the Centennial Center for the Arts, a historical monument that until 1999 was a prison and today is the most innovative artistic educational project in the city. Awarded with a national conservation award, in addition to offering courses in music, dance, theater, painting and literature, among other disciplines, it presents art exhibitions and guided tours that will reveal your prison past. The completion of the cobblestone path coincides with the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Guadalupe, which is still preserved with the tallest towers in the city (53.2 meters).

The places of interest that the capital offers you are not limited to the Historic Center. Distributed in the rest of the urban area, a short distance away are other highly recommended attractions that will complete the repertoire on your visit to the city.

More than 400 hectares of natural spaces place the Tangamanga Park I as one of the largest urban forests in the country. Its recreational diversity integrates an artificial lake with ducks, bicycle paths, sports fields, the mysterious Enchanted Castle and the Tangamanga Splash water park. As a cultural alternative this park houses the Theater of the City and the Planetarium.

During your visit to the park, sensitivity, creativity and your interest in learning will be activated when you know the Labyrinth Museum of Sciences and Arts. Designed to playfully interact with artistic and scientific expressions, it offers more than 160 exhibitions in five themed rooms. In addition, it has an observatory, farm animals, an open-air forum, artistic exhibitions, and XNUMXD cinema screenings.

San Luis Potosí is a real mirage in the desert, between two stone guardians: Cerro de San Pedro and Sierra de San Miguelito, recalls Francisco de la Maza, who thoroughly investigated the heritage heritage of colonial art of this beautiful and monumental city, named Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO within the denomination of the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro. The spectacular nature of its historic center is surrounded by its seven neighborhoods, the oldest and most famous being that of San Miguelito, which inspired the verses of the Watercolor Potosina.

CERRO DE SAN PEDRO: In this almost ghost town was the first settlement of what is now San Luis Potosí. It had its mining boom years at different times and also its declines that led to its abandonment: Few families currently live there, but dynamism and life are given by weekend visitors who are going to enjoy a quiet day. , walking the nostalgic alleys or doing mountain bike tours. Three points of interest are the parish of San Pedro Apóstol, the temple of San Nicolás and the mining museum.

SANTA MARÍA DEL RÍO: Known as the cradle of rebozo, artisan garments that largely govern the local economy. It is a delight to explore this quiet town and enter the home workshops. Also permanently in the ex-convent, in front of the plaza, there is a school where the most experienced weavers teach their students all the steps and techniques of embroidery, fabrics, fringes and color combinations. Guided tours are offered so that you can get a more complete picture of how rebozos are made, from artisela rebozos, which are the most popular, to silk rebozos, which are the finest. With a point of sale in the same space, you take this handmade jewel with its authenticity record included.

In the municipality there are other points that are worth visiting a corridor of former haciendas such as Lourdes, where there is an ideal country hotel for a weekend of rest and relaxation in the Roman tubs or the hot springs Jacuzzi. A few steps from the hotel-spa is a small industry of the same name, where they bottle the most popular mineral water in the state. Another point to visit, starting from Lourdes, is the chapel of the Virgen de las Torrecitas, located in a mountain area and distant from all civilization. It is a pilgrimage site for the miraculous image that appeared.

LIGHT PARTY: When light is used to make art, to make a monument come alive and illuminate in multiple shades, the "Festival of Light" arises, where light itself is the painting, and the monument, its canvas. It takes place at Easter and December, and as its headquarters it has the buildings of the historic center. Enjoy a different night and witness this art form that San Luis has for you.

TAMTOC ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE: The Place of the Water Clouds occupies a fundamental place in the archaeological history of the Huasteca Potosina and is located on an extension of 133 hectares, on the banks of the Tampaón river, one hour by road from Ciudad Valles.

Gastronomy of the Altiplano Region: The traditional cuisine of the highlands, apart from using desert products, makes use of a great variety of fruits, vegetables and produce from the orchards close to the water holes. The oven gorditas, the cheese gorditas, the kid in multiple presentations, and the goat and cow milk cheeses are typical. One of the most famous dishes is the wedding barbecue, a marinade based on dried chilies, herbs and spices.

Finally, there is no shortage of typical milk and walnut-based sweets, jams, jellies and preserves from the fruits of the gardens, such as figs, quinces and even prickly pear and prickly pear.

Gastronomy of the Central Region: it offers main course enchiladas potosinas, gorditas rellenas, red taquitos, barbecue lamb, carnitas, cheeses and wedding roast; as an aperitif, mezcal, colonche and mead; for dessert, Costanzo chocolates, tuna cheese, milk sweets and covered sweets.

Gastronomy of the Middle Region: We suggest you not to miss the Rio Verdean enchiladas, the cecina, the drunk stew, the tamborcitos, the tamales, the revoltillo and the caramelized peanut and chancaquillas shake.

Gastronomy of the Huasteca Region: It has many representatives on the table: zacahuil, enchiladas huastecas, acamayas, caldo loco, tamales de sarabanda, bocoles and palmito. To offer: jobo, passion fruit, orange, lychee and capulin liqueurs, without missing the aromatic coffee, fruit juices and fresh waters.

Mezcal Route: The mezcal factories of the Potosi altiplano have a history of more than two hundred years. Visiting them and seeing their imposing masonry ovens and smelling the honeys from the heart of freshly cooked maguey will forever mark the way you drink a mezcal horn. Two centuries of experiences contained in an elixir clearer than water, but stronger than thunder.