Querétaro

With four world heritage sites, traveling to Querétaro is delving into the history of Mexico. Vibrate with its colonial architecture between walkers and squares. Be captivated by its magical towns and its amazing natural attractions. Delight in traditional gastronomy, tasting its award-winning wines and cheeses from the region.

STATE HISTORY

Around 500 BC, agricultural settlements in the Vallle de San Juan region are already mentioned and, being productive, this area caught the attention of the Teotihuacan power, playing a very important role within all Mesoamerica. It is for the year 900 AD that the area has an important influence of Tula and this can be seen in vestiges of the Cerrito archaeological zone. From the XNUMXth century on, the area stabilized into two groups: hunter-gatherers and small farming villages. In the XNUMXth century this relationship changed due to the presence of two important contending empires: the Mexica and the Tarascan; constituting the area as an intermediate stage between the two empires, sharing elements of both.

The territory of Queretaro in its pre-Hispanic part does not show homogeneity, neither socially nor culturally. We can distinguish this between the mountain peoples that have an affinity with the Gulf groups, while those of the Valley have more predominance from the west and central antiplane. This is how new groups are accommodated, some from the north such as the pames, dedicated to agriculture, and the jonaces, established in the mountain region, to hunting.

For the period of the Spanish conquest, in what is now known as Querétaro, this occurred first with the founding of the town of Huimilpan in 1529, that of San Juan del Río in 1531 and that same year that of Querétaro. The participation during this process of Don Nicolás de San Luis Montañés and Don Fernando de Tapia, Conín, stands out, who bartered with neighboring towns. The founding battle of the City of Querétaro was carried out in the Cerro de Sangremal, on July 25, 1531. Legend has it that during the battle the sky
In the dark and riding through the clouds, the Apostle Santiago appeared, thus giving the name of the town of Santiago de Querétaro.

In October 1655 the inhabitants of Querétaro signed the Capitulations by which the king of Spain elevated Querétaro to the rank of City, this due to its importance, economy and privileged location. Livestock, agriculture, the textile industry and the commercial sector caused Querétaro to become the third most important city in the viceroyalty. It is during this period that the Royal Tobacco Factory is founded, the second most important in New Spain; and Querétaro also becomes the main wool producer in all of America. Mining activity could not be ruled out in importance, especially in the area of ​​El Doctor, an important silver producer.

During this process is when all the religious groups arrive, the construction of temples and convents occurs, as well as the wealth of sacred art such as paintings, sculptures and altarpieces.
This magnificence gives a wealth status to the city. Likewise, there is the construction of imposing houses and beautification of squares and gardens. It is built in the period from 1726 to 1735, perhaps the most important and imposing of its constructions, the Aqueduct, in order to supply drinking water to the entire city.

By the beginning of the 1808th century, the Spanish crown would experience a stage of political uncertainty due to the attack by Napoleon Bonaparte and the removal of King Ferdinand VII, having repercussions in all its colonies. In addition to this there is a social and economic situation that denotes conspiracies against the crown, the most important being that carried out in the city of Querétaro, from 1810 to 12, in which insurgents such as Miguel Domínguez, the corregidor and his wife, Josefa Ortiz; as well as the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Captain Ignacio Allende, the González Brothers; the Warden of Jails, Ignacio Pérez, to name a few. Unfortunately the conspiracy would be discovered on September 1810, 13 and Doña Josefa locked in her rooms, which heels and gives Ignacio Pérez notice of the situation. This leaves the morning of September 16 towards the towns of San Miguel el Grande and Dolores. The morning of Sunday, September 1810, 21, the armed movement of Independence would break out. Consuming eleven years later on September 1821, XNUMX.

In the year 1823, Dr. Félix Osores Sotomayor, deputy of Querétaro to the Constituent Congress of the Nation, successfully defended before the plenary session, the right and reason of the people of Queretaro to enjoy a free and sovereign state; defeating the proposals to integrate this region to the states of San Luis Potosí and Mexico. In the year of 1824 the state Constituent Congress was installed and on August 25, 1825 the first Political Constitution of the State of Querétaro was promulgated.

In 1848, the city of Querétaro being the provisional capital of the country, the signing of the peace treaties, called Guadalupe Hidalgo, was carried out, which ended the war between Mexico and the United States of America; through which the first yielded by agreement of the Chamber of Senators more than half of the territory.

As part of a rehearsal, our National Anthem would be performed in its entirety on September 15, 1854 inside the Teatro de la República. This being the only current witness of said historical event, since the Old Santa Anna Theater was demolished.

In 1864 the Second Emperor of Mexico would arrive in the country, who that same year made his first visit to Querétaro, making the route of Independence. It would be in 1867 when he returned to the city, but now to take it as part of the seat of his government, however on March 14 of the same year, the city would live a place by the Republicans and it would be May 15 when the Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg would be taken prisoner near the Cerro de las Campañas. The Teatro de la República would be the place where the trial against the stone painter and his generals, Tomás Mejia and Miguel Miramon, would take place. When found guilty, he would be executed on June 19, 1867, reestablishing the Republic.

The Teatro de la Republica would once again witness another relevant historical event as it witnessed the promulgation of our Magna Carta, the Constitution of the United Mexican States of 1917, which was promulgated on February 5 of the same year. For its realization, work was done both in the theater and in the Old Academy of San Fernando. Querétaro becoming for the second time the capital of the country.
Today Querétaro is an important asset of our history, as well as an important point of economic, political and social development within the country.

STATE CULTURE

Querétaro is an entity rich in its culture, which ranges from the architectural wealth that we can find from impressive mansions to majestic convents, as well as its artistic and traditional displays. It is the set of all of them that make each of the 18 municipalities a treasure to discover. It is perhaps, the dance of the concheros one of the most important cultural expressions of the Queretaro region, of Nahuatl origin, which is born from the myth of the Sun, king and creator of all things, and is present in various festivities. Being one of the most relevant, the celebration of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross in the month of September. Also we can find the music of huapango, traditional in the mountainous region. It is the municipality of San Joaquín where the Huapango National Contest is held. As part of its popular artistic expressions we can find works in wicker, ixtle, wood, onyx, marble, wool, clay, saddlery, to name just a few. Among its relevant festivals are the Silence Procession, the Hercules and La Cañada festivals with their traditional roosters in December and the National Cheese and Wine Fair. The city is home to the Lauderia School, the Conservatory of Sacred Music and the National College of Contemporary Dance. Counting on various cultural festivals throughout the year. .

Querétaro is a destination with a privileged location, which gives way to wealth on its land. The humidity of the Sierra Gorda combined with the semi-desert of Queretaro offers endless possibilities in terms of products that transform into delicious dishes. In the XNUMXth century this region was known as "the door to Tierra Adentro" or "throat of all Tierra Adentro" and it was characterized for being a rich, fertile and carefully cultivated land. Thanks to the arrival of the plow and irrigation systems, it was possible to combine for the first time the domesticated plants of the Old World and the ancient knowledge of the indigenous people in the management of the environment. The arrival of convents and traditional cooks at the service of the great viceregal mansions, combined ingredients from both worlds creating heavenly delights for the palates of both locals and foreigners.

The cuisine of Queretaro has been able to hand in hand its ingredients such as insects, grains, seeds, vegetables, dairy products, cereals and legumes, to create in Sierra Gorda the zacahuil, the bocones, the mestizo bread, the Mesquite bread, the atole de tile, fruit liqueurs; in the semi-desert of Queretaro, the yellow chickpea, the bowling tamale, the pirul atole, the cheeses, the gorditas of broken corn, the prickly pear cactus, the wines, the palm flower soup; in the south, the muleteer toasts, tortillas de seal, gorditas de migajas, carnitas, moles, ates, stuffed with chilacayote, the sweet potato, guajolotes, the enchiladas from Queretaro, to name a few. Many of these appearances have to do with the liturgical calendar and civic festivals. Likewise, the strong indigenous presence within Queretalan cuisine cannot be denied, integrating pre-Hispanic foods into any stew or drink, such as prickly pear, prickly pear, pulque, chia, xoconostle, huamishe, insects, corn, huauzontle, chile, beans and pumpkin.

If you were wondering, what a sensation Queretaro cuisine leaves, it is a tradition, a heritage of our land, our culture, our parties, aromas and flavors, a sensation that nourishes your soul and makes you live an incomparable experience.

QUERÉTARO METROPOLITANO

The cosmopolitan region of the State of Querertaro knows how to perfectly combine tradition with modernity. The traditional and patron saint festivities would not be lived the same without the typical festivals where we can taste the enchiladas from Queretaro, turkeys, fritters, fried or steamed tamales; as well as the gorditas of crumbs or cheese stuffed with some meat stew enchilada, chickpea, prickly pear, pumpkin flower, huitlacoche, to name a few. Seal tortillas, beef broth, chilacayote fillings, and capirotada are part of these dishes that each Queretan eagerly awaits at certain seasons of the year.

To go to Santa Rosa Jáuregui and not taste its carnitas, is to have lost the experience of walking the main street surrounded by businesses that see such exquisite products. Just as guilty you would feel going to the Cañada and not trying its traditional snow of mantecado, garambullo, huamishe, or going to the Hercules Factory and refreshing yourself with a craft beer.

Dulces de leche or jamoncillos, pressed peaches and sweet potato are part of the sweet memories that tourists can take back home, and that in any house in Querétaro cannot be missed on any special date.

WINE REGION

The semi-desert region of Querétaro is an area with an ideal micro climate for vines, which is why in this region we can find award-winning wines from various wine houses, with sparkling wine being the leader in the area, however we can taste exquisite wines from table, white, red and pink. And what better pairing to wine than cheese, and in the Queretaro lands we can find them from fresh to ripe; cow, sheep or goat; with red wine, with fine herbs, enchilado, with blueberries, walnut or mustard seed.

But if we are talking about an ancestral drink, it is in this area where you can taste pulque, accompanied by a delicious barbecue taken at the time of the ovens and dipped in a freshly made gravy sauce. We will also find the cured pine nuts, walnuts, guava, pineapple, to name a few.

Likewise, in the area we can find the prickly pear cactus, stuffed with tender cactus with various meats and placed on the fathoms. Or the gorditas of broken corn with enchilado cheese, which are filled with various stews, if you find chickpea in yellow do not hesitate to try it.



SIERRA GORDA

The northern region of the state offers us the best accompaniment for the enchiladas from Queretaro, the cured beef; thin cut of meat and bathed in citrus, either grilled or firewood. Or because you can taste some bocones filled with chicharrón in sauce, egg or mince.

If we talk about a traditional dish, zacahuil is king, a giant tamale stuffed with various meats and turned into a banana leaf and cooked in a stone oven for several hours. Cooking the meats in the process gives it a juicy texture and pairing it with lemon and pickled chili peppers gives it an explosion of flavors on the palate.

Among the traditional drinks that we find in the area is the atole of tiles and fruit liqueurs. If you go to Pinal de Amoles, don't forget to visit Licores Artesanales el Montañés.

MAGIC TOWNS

The six Magical Towns of the State of Querétaro are so diverse they give the visitor one more experience to live inside their kitchen. On Tuesdays it would not be the same in Amealco without its already typical turkey mole or beef rinds. If you go to the Torre community you will discover its traditional cheeses.

Tequsiquipan is a wine region. Its wines and cheeses have been awarded and have gained international fame, as well as its cheese bread. While in Bernal its gorditas of broken corn stuffed with prickly pear cactus are a delight or go to the Museo del Dulce and buy traditional sweets, the custard is the best.

The semi-desert Queretaro provides the area with maguey for the preparation of barbecue and pulque, and it is Cadereyta where we can find such ancient dishes.

Jalpan offers us the cecina, the zacahuil, the bocoles, the river prawn or acamaya and its traditional mestizo bread. In the land of huapango, San Joaquín, we find fruit liqueurs, with apple being the one with the longest tradition.

In each of the magical towns we can also taste traditional snow for all those visitors who want to cool off on their way.