Noble

The State of Hidalgo has witnessed a great development that has positioned it as one of the fastest growing regions in the center of the Mexican Republic; With about 2.9 million inhabitants, it has managed to be included within the global vibrations that the current world presents, but without neglecting its cultural essence that clearly distinguishes it from other regions of the country.

Established as a Federal Entity since January 16, 1869 by the government of the then President of the Republic, Lic. Benito Juárez García, the Free and Sovereign State of Hidalgo has a rich history of tradition and culture that houses in the same melting pot the customs of the Otomí, Tepehua, Nahua cultures and mainly the glorious Toltec culture; as well as the uses of cultural syncretism that flourished in New Spain after the Hispanic conquest of the 90th century that had effects in ancient Mexico. Located in the eastern region of the center of our country and with an enviable proximity of not more than 1552 km to Mexico City, Hidalgo is a magical state divided into ten geographic regions: the Mezquital Valley, the Huasteca, Sierra Gorda, Sierra Baja, Sierra Alta, Comarca Minera, Sierra de Tenango, Cuenca de México, Valle de Tulancingo and Altiplanicie Pulquera. Although all the geographic regions are of great importance for the development of the entity, perhaps the most representative of them is the Mining Region, since, with an industrial tradition of metal extraction dating from 500, this region managed to position Throughout 6 years of history, the mining district of Pachuca - Real del Monte, and therefore the state of Hidalgo, as one of the most important gold and silver producers in the world with about 05% of the global production of these metals . This region was integrated into the UNESCO Global Re of Geoparks on May 2017, XNUMX under the name: “Comarca Minera Geopark”.

Before the Spanish conquest, the present-day territory of the state of Hidalgo saw the Toltec culture flourish among its lands, an important civilization of the pre-Columbian period that dominated the Mexican highlands between the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries AD, today you can still see vestiges of this impressive culture where the Burned Palace and the Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli Pyramid stand out, which finishes off its splendor with the monolithic sculptures that represent the god Quetzalcóatl, traditionally known as: the Atlanteans of Tula. Other regions that also prospered during the pre-Hispanic period were: Tepeapulco, Huichapan, Actopan and Tulancingo.

During the third decade of the 1539th century, with the arrival in this territory of the first evangelizers from the Iberian peninsula and the beginning of the construction of the first viceregal cities between the years 1550 and XNUMX, the territory began to develop under the command of the ecclesiastical orders of the Augustinians and the Franciscans; being these who inherited great masterpieces from the
colonial religious architecture such as: the Temple and ex-convent of the Holy Kings built in Metztitlán (1540–1460), the ex-convent of San Andrés Apóstol in Epazoyucan (1540–1541), the Temple and ex-convent of San Agustín in Atotonilco el Grande (1542 –1562) and the ex-convent of San Nicolás Tolentino in Actopan (1550-1573); among many many more religious buildings of high historical and architectural value than
They flood the hidalguense territory with magic.

During the development of the viceregal period and well into the nineteenth century, the territory of the current state of Hidalgo progressed gradually thanks to two commercial activities that over the years have given identity to the Mexican culture, such as the mining and pulquera industry . Of the first we can highlight the time of the 2007st Count of Regla Pedro Romero de Terreros settled in the region of the First Magical Town of Mexico, Huasca de Ocampo, who among his heritage legacies left the memorable estates of Santa María Regla, San Miguel Regla and San Antonio Regla; buildings from the mining era that today house luxurious international category boutique hotels, which coexist among their natural surroundings with one of the selected thirteen wonders of Mexico during the international campaign of the Council for Tourism Promotion (CPTM) in 40: the Prisms Baltics, columns up to 2.5 m high formed in the Pleistocene period, more than 1884 million years ago. These basaltic formations went around the world when the explorer Alexander Freiherr von Humboldt illustrated his book "View of the Cordillera and monuments of indigenous peoples" in 2018. From the pulque industry, one of the cultural riches of Hidalgo for several centuries, we can highlight the so-called "Castles of Latin America", large farms of pulque exploitation among which we can highlight: Santiago Chimalpa in Apan, Santa María Tecajete in Epazoyucan, San Antonio Tochatlaco in Zempoala; just to mention a few. All these sites that house history, culture and tradition, today are perfect settings for the campaign "Hidalgo: Cásate Conmigo", launched in XNUMX at the Museum of Memory and Tolerance in Mexico City.

For the 2.9th century and the already advanced XNUMXst century, the State of Hidalgo has witnessed a great development that has positioned it as one of the fastest growing regions in the center of the Mexican Republic; With about XNUMX million inhabitants, it has managed to be included within the global vibrations that the current world presents, but without neglecting its cultural essence that clearly distinguishes it from other regions of the country.

Within these global inclusions, the integration of art and culture stands out as one of the main axes of social development; that is why in 2005 the “David Ben Gurión” cultural park was inaugurated, which houses among its attractions the largest pictorial slab in the world, a work designed by the artist from Hidalgo, Byron Gálvez called “Tribute to the Woman of the World” , with an area of ​​3,200 m 2 made up of more than seven million mosaics of twelve different sizes and different colors; the only World Soccer Hall of Fame and Interactive Center in the world inaugurated on July 09, 2011. This complex also has the Gota de Plata Auditorium, an architectural venue with a capacity for 2000 spectators destined to witness events such as: dance, music , cinema, opera, etc .; He was the winner of the Biennial Award for Mexican Architecture in 2006.

The state of Hidalgo has an amazing range of cultural expressions that position it as a benchmark that contributes cultural identity to Mexica society, to mention one aspect, this Federal Entity is the cradle of the Charrería, an equestrian art sports show named by UNESCO as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity on December 1, 2016. Leading the cultural palette of the State, Hidalgo has a centuries-old indigenous and mestizo heritage, from the native legacy we can highlight cave painting and petroglyphs in the area from Huichapan, Tecozautla, Alfajayucan, Metztitlán and Tepeapulco; These ancient forms of expression are considered unique and extraordinary for their high historical wealth. As for the architectural heritage, mentioning each of the representative buildings of Hidalgo would be impossible, but we will give detail of two highly relevant architectural icons. The "Monumental Clock of Pachuca" is a symbol of great cultural wealth located in the state capital, Pachuca de Soto; built between the years 1904 - 1910 by the architect Tomás Cordero, this tower was erected on the occasion of the celebrations for the centenary of the Independence of Mexico by orders of the then President of the Republic Porfirio Díaz; The creation of the also monumental clocks of Tecozautla (1905), Huejutla (1908) and Acaxochitlán (1932) in the Art Deco style follows from this same period. The engineering work of the Padre Tembleque Aqueduct built in the 05th century, is the most important hydraulic construction of the viceroyalty of New Spain, on July 2015, XNUMX, this magnificent work located in the municipality of Zempoala was added to the list UNESCO World Heritage Site. With exhibitions and samples that include music, dance and commemorations, the state of Hidalgo can boast a wide palette of tradition; of the most relevant we can identify the Tecozautla Fruit Fair that takes place in July, the Omitlán de Juárez Apple Festival in summer, the Tulancingo Fair Expo in honor of Our Lady of the Angels in the month of August and the Fair of the Lord of Wonders of Arenal that is commemorated every Friday of Dolores with a high influx of local and national tourists. But there are two exhibitions that deserve separate mention, the first is the Gastronomic Exhibition of Santiago de Anaya, which since 1975 has been classified as exotic when registering a culinary legacy passed down from generation to generation of unique ancestral recipes in the world, remembering that Mexican Gastronomy was integrated on November 16, 2010 to the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO, this gastronomic exhibition is based on the famous phrase: "Everything that crawls, walks, runs or flies, goes directly to the pot" . From the 1595th century onwards, in the atriums of the Temple and former convent of San Francisco de Asís, a Baroque-style construction built between 1596 and XNUMX, a popular festival began in celebration of the patron saint, San Francisco; with the passing of the centuries, this celebration of great cultural roots became the traditional International Fair of San Francisco Pachuca, Hidalgo; Today this important exhibition has positioned itself as one of the five best fairs in the Mexican Republic, presenting during the three weeks of celebration the best of Hidalgo's art and culture: its handicrafts and textiles, the livestock industry, charrería, bullfights. bulls and artisan samples, among other expressions. In 2019, in the facilities of the fairgrounds, the 1st was held in the city of Pachuca. Tianguis de Pueblos Mágicos de México, an event that, after its great tourist success, will be held biannually in the state of Hidalgo by Presidential decree of February 04, 2020 on instructions from the President of the Republic Lic. Andrés Manuel López Obrador. The traditional Carnivals and Xantolo deserve a separate mention. Both celebrations concentrate the cultural essence of the Hidalguense territory, the Carnivals are popular expressions that, during the Lenten period, show the cultural syncretism between the pre-Hispanic festivals and the Catholic rite, the predominant religion in the state. Carnivals are held during the months of February and March, highlighting: The Calnalí Carnival with its traditional "horns", the Mixquiahuala carnival and the Acaxochitlán carnival; where costumes, songs and parades are the main attraction of these expressions. In the state capital, during the second week of February, the now traditional parade "The Magic of the Carnivals in Hidalgo" is held, an event that brings together the 84 municipalities of the ten regions of the state who, in a full day of hubbub, they exploit their legendary cultural tradition. The Xantolo, meanwhile, is a celebration of pre-Hispanic origin in honor of the deceased that is celebrated in the heart of the Huasteca Hidalguense, which, among its samples of songs and religious prayers, highlights the accompaniment of typical Hidalguense music: the son huasteco, a style of Mexican music with features of Spanish, African and indigenous influences where the jarana, the violin, the Quinta huapanguera and the guitar make the perfect mix to create the Huasteco ensemble. We cannot leave behind the textile industry and the Hidalgo artisan samples, the vegetable fibers such as the ixtle and the maguey heart fiber have shown the creativity of the artisans who with their hands create: baskets, hats, backpacks, rugs, furniture and clothes such as quexquemitl and ayates. Within this branch the Tenangos stand out, an embroidery style that represents the regional flora and fauna with a range of colors that has amazed the entire world; On October 24, 2019, the Constitutional Governor of the State of Hidalgo, Lic. Omar Fayad Meneses, together with the Federal Secretary of Tourism, Miguel Torruco Marqués, inaugurated the “World's Largest Embroidery”, a Tenango made by 1,270 artisans from the region of Tenango de Doria, San Bartolo Tutotepec and Huehuetla measuring 103.96 m 2, which, for its cultural wealth, was awarded the Guinness Record and exhibited at the Vatican Museums in Rome, Italy, during the month of December 2019 in the framework of the international campaign "Hidalgo Mágico". Hidalgo is generally a dispenser of tradition and culture, it is the cradle of the most important popular sport in Mexico, soccer, which began to be played professionally at the beginning of the XNUMXth century in Pachuca and Real del Monte, is the land of writers and poets like Ricardo Garibay and Efrén Rebolledo; sculptors like Fernando Olaguibel who created the great “Diana Cazadora” that today decorates the most important avenue in Mexico: El Paseo de la Reforma; It is the land of "El Santo", mythical wrestling gladiator, combat discipline and scenic art deeply rooted in Mexican popular culture. Hidalgo is art, it is culture and tradition: Hidalgo is Magical.

The Hidalgo State Congress declared Hidalguense Gastronomy as Cultural Heritage of the State by decree no. 215 dated November 16, 2009; this to consider that the gastronomy of Hidalgo is one of the richest in the country, since the differences in types of terrain and climates, as well as the various cultures that flourished in Hidalgo, have resulted in a unique cuisine for its rich tradition and the exotic of its dishes. For this reason and with the purpose of promoting gastronomic wealth, the Government of the state of Hidalgo, through the Ministry of Tourism, created the Distinctive "Pueblos con Sabor", which contributes to promoting gastronomic tourism, as well as the appreciation of local and regional products creating a connection between the visitor and the food production chain, which generates the attraction of tourism based on gastronomy. To all this, have you already tried Hidalgo?, But the one with its traditions embedded in its cuisine, such as the huasteca, where they receive you with enchiladas and jerky or bocoles, they celebrate with zacahuil and aguardiente de morita or jobo and not to mention in Xantolo, who returns to the dead with their metate chocolate or to try the delicious tapataxtle next to the grandmother's pemoles on the altar, not to mention their leaf tamales that already carry in their name the celebration of all the saints¨ or “faithful deceased”. Going down towards the Sierra, things are getting good, an adobito with piltamales is waiting for you or even a mojarra in a potato leaf waiting for the time of the carnival troupes to arrive; but the morning always starts with a coffee and bread that Canalí or Tianguistengo have their place for; and already close in San Agustín Metzquititlán, a jamoncillo or palanqueta you can buy, there surely a lady comes to offer you a tamale from her basket and it is time to try the xala which is the specialty from Zacualtipán to Metztitlán. Stop in Atotonilco because its turkey mole has its festival, but there are those who prefer its requintada to cure some evil or the children only their aniseed cocol to take away, this stop is only to think about whether you continue to Omitlán to know the cahuiche, or you You go to Huasca to try a wallpaper trout on a farm near the San Miguel or Santa María Regla hacienda or a huitlacoche quesadilla before seeing the majesty of the Basaltic Prisms or the Peña del Aire. If you follow Real del Monte, the mining history of this Magical Town begins to be heard, that if the miner's guangoche had enchiladas of those broths that take away the cold or you only eat the potato as tradition marks, you have to try only to confirm that we gave a special touch to the one who came from England and that the guides can tell you about walking through the English Pantheon. The City of Pachuca has without a doubt modernity, gathers tradition in its foundational neighborhoods where they also make exceptional chalupas or you can eat specialty food in the great restaurants of professional chefs. If we talk about Hidalgo, the maguey is always an obligatory topic and we must mention in our history the plains of Apan, adorned with pulque haciendas of great cultural importance; Tepeapulco and Zempoala keep their pulque and they are not far behind and food is a donkey, but for bread you must try, a dish of the few that the tlachiquero shares with you is a stuffed ximbote, that if you accompany it to the batch until a chinicuil to the sauce takes you out and if you are lucky you can see the arcade of Padre Tembleque in this Maguey landscape worth taking the photo of the memory; in Singuilucan you will arrive at the tinacal to make a good curing of any grain or fruit without equal. Another scenario of the maguey is undoubtedly the Mezquital Valley that in Actopan and its convent you find it in a chicken ximbo with its horns coming out of the oven, another way to use the Maguey penca very Hidalgo is to make barbecue of sheep, which for That is where grazing is concerned and hence the quality of our taco and the best you can try, because of course it is the Hidalgo; This region is full of surprises as it hosts the most important gastronomic event of traditional cuisine. Have you imagined seeing more than a thousand cooks of the Otomí culture together ?, showing visitors their dishes with ingredients that they collect as gualumbo flowers, garambullo , palm, pumpkin, among others or insects such as chinicuiles, cicadas, ants, escamoles, xahuis, etc. Or just to make you crave a rattlesnake broth, a squirrel mixiote, or a roasted xincoyote, and from the sweet cuisine, not to mention, The Gastronomic Show of Santiago de Anaya allows you to try nopal pancake, mead jelly desserts with xoconostles and as you will notice, they use one hundred percent the resources of the field and their great technique of traditional cooks. Thus was born also in Francisco I. Madero the fat of beef belly that if you visit Tepatepec is the queen of the gorditas of that corn producing area of ​​our State. Going further, you will discover the origin of the roasted goat in Huichapan along with its carnival and there some beef carnitas with colonche or colorado in Nopala, will make your unexpected trip with some munguises that are stubborn little chicks; The trades are also our pride because here there are cheesemakers and pastry chefs who fill their community with flavor or the Tamale makers from Tetepango who share their tradition with endless flavors of this very Mexican dish. Our landscapes in Hidalgo are a great resource since the forests in the rainy season give us mushrooms that the nanacateras or gatherers use to delight you, so in Acaxochitlán you can enjoy a pascal with mushroom with its potato molds that is phenomenal, not to mention a delicious caldito that you can savor in the Nopalillo community in Epazoyucan or a stew from San Miguel Cerezo where few Pachuqueños know about it, or what to say about the quesadilla on the market in Mineral de Chico. Near Tulancingo there is also this, a turkey and its history as a regional dish, when passing by a cheese from Acatlán or in Santa Ana Hueytlalpan that also has its turkey, but in mole stew and even fingers makes you suck, but before to leave this place take the road to the Sierra de Tenango for a fish in holy leaf without forgetting the Agua Blanca brandy for the bravest or as in La Misión discover the drying process of the grated chili that gives flavor to the stews of our State . The richest thing in our kitchen is the experience that lets you taste the food that our people offer, which with the same love is offered to the stroller as to the resident in this beautiful Magic Nobleman.