Mexico City

Mexico City is one of the most fascinating cultural destinations in the world. It is one of the three cities with the largest number of museums in the world, it also has an invaluable historical legacy, a gastronomic offer applauded around the world and hundreds of places to fully enjoy your stay in the country's Capital.

Mexico City is one of the few cities in the world with a history as broad as its very existence. It is the capital of the country, with a metropolitan area that has hosted important human settlements for more than 2 years.

It received its name from the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés, who simplified it to Mexico City-Tenochtitlan. With that appointment it was known as the capital of New Spain; later already in independent Mexico, during the decade of the 80s, when President Luis Echeverría Álvarez unified the entire federative entity with the name of Mexico, Federal District; and it is on January 28, 2016 once his own constitution was proclaimed, which was recognized as Mexico City.

Now Mexico City is located 2,240 meters above sea level, it is characterized by its mild climate and its wealth of natural resources, characteristics for which it began to be occupied from very ancient times.

The Mexico City region was one of the places where one of the most important agricultural revolutions for humanity developed, when it was possible to expand the exploitation of these lands with corn, tomato, squash, and chili. and chocolate, among others, which over time would form an important part of the diet of almost everyone.

The agriculture of this region was based on the chinampa model, which is a method of agriculture, which, having a permanent water supply, can have several harvests a year and that even today can be seen in Xochimilco. This favored the consolidation of towns, from which Teotihuacán emerged, which, came to have more than 100 inhabitants, being the most populous city in its time.

Mexico - Tenochtitlan which means "in the navel of the Moon", became the center of an empire that expanded its domains to Chiapas and Central America for more than 200 years, even had services such as drinking water and drainage, among other unknown in the old continent.

In 1519 the emperor Montezuma II received Hernán Cortés, who arrived after having traveled much of Mesoamerica. In 1521, Mexico - Tenochtitlan was besieged and after three months without food and water and suffering the contagion of diseases brought by the Spanish, it fell on August 13, 1521.

After the conquest, Mexico - Tenochtitlán became the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The new city was built on the remains of the indigenous city, using the perpendicular layout of its roads and preserving the large open space of the old ceremonial area, which over the years would become the seat of the viceregal government and the future cathedral from Mexico.

During the three centuries of viceregal rule, Mexico City became an outstanding center for the exchange of merchandise that came from both Europe and Asia. It also housed the first printing press and the first university in America. It was considered one of the most impressive cities in both Europe and America. Most of the buildings in the Historic Center are from this period, the Central mall (first park in the city), the Paseo de Bucareli and the traditional neighborhoods of Coyoacan, Saint Angel y Tlalpan.

The economy of New Spain was weakening and dragging social problems that resulted in the independence of Mexico in 1821; After this, the 1847th century had several decades of economic and political instability, which gave first guideline for the invasion of the US Army in XNUMX. Twenty years later, the invasion of the French Army occurred, with the arrival of Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg and Carlota of Belgium. , who became emperors of Mexico, establishing the second Mexican empire, whose royal residence was the Castillo de Chapultepec. This empire was brief but of great importance in terms of the development of Mexico City, since the Paseo de la Emperatriz, currently known as Paseo de la Reforma, is drawn.

Once the empire fell, Mexico City experienced a period of great economic development, thanks to the railroads, factories, and large businesses that are still open in the Historic Center. It is at this time when the city begins to spread in Colonia Guerrero, Santa María La Ribera and the current Tabacalera neighborhood as the seat of the emerging middle class.

To commemorate 100 years of independence, the construction of several buildings begins, among which the Communications palace, the Postal Palace and the Palace of Fine Arts, as well as the monumental axis of the Paseo de la Reforma, especially highlighting the Angel of Independence.

In contrast to the centennial celebrations of independence and due to the great social inequality, the Mexican Revolution began in 1910.

Years later when the country returned to normal, in this way in the thirties, the city experienced a great cultural effervescence that was manifested in the dozens of murals displayed on the walls of public institutions.

At the same time, several areas of the city were consolidated, such as Colonia Condesa, Rome and Valle del Valle, and new subdivisions such as Polanco and Las Lomas de Chapultepec were created. In the XNUMXs, people from the countryside began to arrive in the city, and they settled in irregular neighborhoods, which is why the multi-family apartment projects began, the first being the "Presidente Alemán Urban Center" in the south of the city.

In 1952 the University City was inaugurated. The Olympic Games arrive in the city in 1968 for the first time in a Spanish-speaking country. The Metro transport system was inaugurated in 1969, due to the need to mobilize the growing population. In 1970 Mexico hosted the World Soccer Championship, repeating itself in 1986.

Since 1987, the city has four UNESCO World Heritage sites: Historic Center of Mexico City (Historic Center), Xochimilco, Casa Luis Barragán and Ciudad Universitaria.

Mexico City is a cosmopolitan city coexisting with a diversity of cultural reference icons such as: London, Rome and New York. It is characterized by combining the old and the modern at the same time sometimes on the same street.

Over the centuries, Mexico City has accumulated a rich history, from its Aztec ancestors to Spanish colonization and the period of the Mexican Revolution. Thus, arts, culture and historical sites abound, offering visitors the opportunity to explore pre-Hispanic sites such as the ruins of the Templo Mayor and some of the world's most important contemporary art museums. Mexico City offers a burgeoning arts, music and theater community. Home to hundreds of museums (more than 150) and art spaces (more than 100 contemporary art galleries), and the birthplace of legends like Frida Kahlo. Cultural experiences range from exhibitions, galleries, cinemas and performances by the Mexican Folk Ballet to Lucha Libre.

The cosmopolitan capital is brimming with diversity of cultural icons, centuries of ancient squares, and brilliant modern architecture. Mexico City has sites that make the perfect game between the past and the present, making it possible for tourists to understand their culture, taking up intimately the history that defines it.

Future CDMX, offers us in a unique way the history and geography of the city, showing us how it evolved to become the vibrant metropolis that it is today. This interactive center shows the surprising transformation of the Mexican capital over time, reflecting on its past, present and future. Interactive scale models and kiosks help visitors get an idea of ​​how Mexico City compares to family capitals like New York City and London.

The Angel of Independence, is constituted as one of the most emblematic monuments of the Mexican capital; It sits atop a victory column commemorating a nation's independence and is one of the most recognized landmarks along Reforma Avenue, this wide avenue, inspired by the Paris boulevards.

For its part, the Zócalo, known as the historic center of Mexico City, is typically a place of celebration; one of the largest squares in the world, where historically Aztec ceremonies were held and today it houses cultural expressions of all kinds as well as the Independence festivities in September. From the plaza you can easily see the National Palace, seat of the Mexican government and home to some of Diego Rivera's most famous murals; as well as the Metropolitan Cathedral.

The Chapultepec Castle, located in the center of the Chapultepec park, was built in 1780 by the viceroy Matías Gálvez and served as the residence of all the presidents of Mexico until 1940, when it became the National Museum of History. Today's visitors can get a glimpse into the lives of presidents and emperors by viewing many priceless historical objects. The castle is also known for having one of the most beautiful views of Mexico City.

The National Museum of Anthropology, is an icon of urban architecture of the 22th century, was designed to be, more than a repository, a space for reflection on the rich indigenous heritage of our multicultural nation. It is characterized by having 45 rooms and more than XNUMX thousand square meters of construction, making it the largest museum in Mexico and one of the most outstanding worldwide.

The Palace of Fine Arts is an Art Nouveau masterpiece that reflects the city's Aztec heritage in its ornamentation. The collection is best known for its murals by Diego Rivera, Siqueiros, and others, as well as the numerous exhibits and theatrical performances it houses.

Another place that cannot be left out is the Casa de los Azulejos; This one is decorated with beautiful blue and white tiles characteristic of the State of Puebla with influences from the Baroque, Modernism and French times; built by the family of the Count of the Orizaba Valley.

For its part, La Casa Azul (Old house of Frida Kahlo); It now serves as a museum in his honor since his death in 1954. The museum, called Museo Casa Azul, houses various works of art, as well as many of the artist's personal possessions, including clothing, jewelry, and folk art collections that once belonged Frida and her husband, the famous Mexican muralist, Diego Rivera.

Mexico City currently configured as the Cultural Capital of America, is a destination that has the most authentic historical and cultural experiences that tourists can live, because through its streets, avenues, palaces, museums, gastronomy, fashion, festivals, among others; Anyone can appreciate the benefits that this Metropolis offers to all its visitors, ensuring a unique experience at each stop.

World famous chefs and mixologists combine tradition with modernity to reinvent Mexican food.

After experiencing a culinary renaissance due to the revitalization of the capital city and the new wave of Mexican cuisine initiated by world-renowned chefs such as Enrique Olvera de Pujol, Mexico City is now at the top of the travel list of every enthusiastic visitor and lover of good food. The booming current culinary scene offers everything from fine dining establishments, with international recognition in the prestigious list of the 50 best restaurants in San Pellegrino and Acqua Panna World, to small bites or "snacks" that are easily found and They taste in traditional food markets and street food stalls.

Mexico City is an epicurean melting pot with unique traditional and modern tastes and smells from around the world, reflecting the abundance of indigenous ingredients and the variety of cultures that have taken root in the great metropolis: French, Italian, Spanish, Israeli, Japanese , Chinese, Indian, Lebanese, Thai, Brazilian, Argentinian, Peruvian and more. Even vegetarians and vegans can find delicious meals at fancy restaurants that cater to a younger set of locals and health-conscious travelers.

In the most historical, traditional, fashionable and modern neighborhoods of the city there are and are establishments that offer diners the opportunity to taste gourmet food next to informal canteens.

On the other hand, practically throughout the city, expert Mexican mixologists are shaking their mixers to generate ingenious cocktails that infuse Mexico City's indigenous ingredients and spirits with a contemporary twist. The city also offers unique settings to sample emerging Mexican wines and regional spirits, including a wealth of artisanal mezcal.

New talent for good food is emerging throughout the city. New chefs along with established chefs are articulating a new culinary wave and setting their restaurants in historic buildings and ultra-modern new builds alike, helping to revitalize neighborhoods and continue to raise the bar for the emergence of the next best restaurants:

Pujol: The highly anticipated next version of the famous Pujol opened in March 2017 in a mid-century modern space designed by local architecture studio JSa. The most casual reinvented restaurant, it features an 11 and 12-course omakase taco bar and a spacious dining room with a six-course tasting menu that includes some of the restaurant's staples, such as Mole Madre.

Cantina Fina: an outpost of the Fonda Fina in Rome, Cantina Fina opened its doors a couple of years ago with the help of chefs Jorge Vallejo and Juan Cabrera de Quintonil and Fonda Fina, respectively; The rustic decor of this canteen is reminiscent of Mexican pubs of distant times, but its menu aims to please today's sophisticated palates.

Jacinta Dining Room: Chef Edgar Núñez's newest restaurant in the elegant Sud 777 restaurant, which opened in 2018 as a cozy dining room in the heart of Polanco; its specialties include Mexican dishes of traditional homemade food but with a slight distinctive touch of modernity.

Seneri: inaugurated in autumn 2016 at the Mercado Roma food hall, Fernando Martínez's culinary talent inspired by the best local products from Michoacán. "Inventing new dishes while respecting tradition" is its fundamental objective.

Merkava: Located in the heart of the Condesa neighborhood, this place specializes in preparing hummus and Jerusalem cuisine. Opened in late November 2016, the idea of ​​the restaurant is to evoke the typical atmosphere of an Israeli table with dishes served in the center to share, such as tabbouleh, falafel, tehina, prepared kalamatas and matbucha.

Amaya: Owned and operated by Jair Tellez, Amaya is a wine bar and restaurant that offers all natural, organic, and biodynamic wines from Mexican and Latin American producers. Jair won recognition for the first time for his restaurant Merotoro, a recognized venue located on the iconic Amsterdam street in the heart of the Condesa neighborhood. Serving Baja California-style cuisine.

Milan 44 - is a large space with a proposal of diverse foods and a market in the emerging neighborhood of the Juárez neighborhood. It is a great place for a casual dinner in a modern setting.

Havre 77 - offers traditional French food and an oyster bar by chef Eduardo García de Máximo Bistrot. The pastel-colored Parisian-style restaurant is housed in a historic building renovated by the ReUrbano firm.

Cocina Conchita: the restaurant located in Colonia Roma Norte, offers coastal cuisine from Baja California by chef Diego Hernández Baquedano in a relaxed atmosphere reminiscent of the Pacific coast.

Blanco Colima: This relatively new multipurpose space and restaurant is divided into three areas for various occasions, including formal dinners, cocktails and a lounge.

Fonda Mayora: It is the last adventure of chef Gerardo Vázquez Lugo of the famous Nicos, who specializes in traditional Mexican haute cuisine.

Lennon Cocina Libre: Chef Rodrigo Carrasco, owner of Kitchen 6 and Bowie Cocina de Humo, presents an innovative concept of a "free kitchen" restaurant inspired by John Lennon. Lennon's ideology of freedom and inclusion. At Lennon, music is the inspiration for innovative dishes, without marrying any technique, region or ingredient, in a contemporary and relaxed atmosphere in San Ángel, a colonial neighborhood.

TRADITIONAL FLAVORS: FOOD MARKETS ON THE STREET

CDMX is known in the culinary world for its discreet but delicious street food, with basic products such as tacos al pastor, pozole, tamales and quesadillas. Visitors don't need to spend an eight-course tasting menu when you can enjoy the best cuisine in town while exploring the Historic Center, eclectic neighborhoods, and traditional markets.

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