Morelia

In the Guayangareo valley, the first human remains appeared until the XNUMXth century and have been related to the Teotihuacan culture; They were located in the vicinity of the Cointizio dam, as well as on the hill of Santa María. The place was depopulated shortly after and occupied again until the establishment of the Matlatzincas (second half of the XV century), who arrived with the consent of the Purépecha rulers for their support in fighting the Tecos of the current territory of Jalisco.

Morelia (from 1545 to 1828, Valladolid) is a city in central-western Mexico, being the capital of the state of Michoacán de Ocampo and head of the homonymous municipality. The city is located in the Guayangareo valley, formed by a fold of the Transverse Neovolcanic Axis, in the Morelia region of the state, in the central-western part of the country, at an altitude of more than 1900 meters above sea level.

This is the most extensive and populated city in the state of Michoacán with 675,973 in its urban core (the city itself) according to the official estimate for the year 2020 of the National Population Council CONAPO, while the municipality has 825,585 inhabitants. and its metropolitan area with 962,555 inhabitants, thus constituting the 22nd. The most populated metropolitan area in the country and the 26th. in terms of its gross domestic product (GDP). Morelia, too, is the most important city in the state from a social, political, economic, cultural and educational point of view. It houses the Michoacán University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo, commonly known as Nicolaita, one of the most important universities in Mexico and the first institution of higher education in the American continent. Morelia is considered one of the most representative cities of the viceregal period of Mexico, identified above all by its pink quarry buildings, its aqueduct, squares, palaces, temples and convents, but above all, its cathedral stands out. Thanks to the relevance of its buildings from the 1991th, XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries and the historical events developed there, the historic center of Morelia was declared a World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO in XNUMX.

Morelia has a very important place in the history of the country, due to the historical events and characters that were born or lived in it, such as José María Morelos y Pavón, Agustín de Iturbide, Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, as well as two presidents of Mexico, poets and composers. Also the cradle of the main conspirators of Valladolid such as José Mariano Michelena and José María García Obeso.

Morelia's main economic activity is services, including financial, real estate and tourism, followed by the construction industry, manufacturing industry and ultimately the activities of the primary sector. As part of its active tourist life, the city hosts major annual cultural festivals such as international festivals of music, organ, cinema and gastronomy.

Morelia has a gastronomy resulting from the combination of ancient Purépecha cuisine with European cuisine. Some of the antojitos of this city are the chicken placero, chicken served with potatoes, carrots and enchiladas dipped in a thick chili sauce; the corundas, triangular tamales wrapped in green corn leaves and the uchepos, young corn tamales bathed in cream or served as an accompaniment to stews. Other delicacies include churipo, a broth made with red chili, beef, and vegetables; atapakua, a stew whose basic ingredients are corn and chili and accompanied with meat and cheese; the famous carnitas, the michi broth, prepared with fish and sour prickly pear; the morisqueta, a dish of rice, beans and roast pork and the aporreadillo, strips of fried dried meat with egg and chili. Among the desserts are, the Zamora chongos, a kind of very sweet milk curd and fruit ates.

There are also the fritters, cream bread, canned fruits, metate chocolate, refreshing pasta snows, based on vanilla, eggs, milk and sugar and, of course, the well-known Morelianas, wafer-type wafers with burnt milk and sugar. The atole of various ingredients such as, blackberry, tamarind, rattlesnake and herbs for flavor, it is also worth mentioning the gazpachos consisting of chopped fruit and prepared with orange, lemon, cheese and onion juice. Among the drinks is the caranda brandy cane. Also mentioning the already well-known Mezcal which is produced in municipalities bordering the city of Morelia