Merida, the vibrant capital of the Mexican State of Yucatan, treasures a rich colonial and Mayan heritage. It is distinguished for being a city full of peace, quiet and for its friendly and hospitable people. You can find a lot of culture in the museums, flavor in its markets and restaurants, and fun in all the activities you can do, whether on a family or business trip.
The city was founded on January 6, 1542 on the vestiges of the Mayan city called T´Hó, which was virtually uninhabited when the Europeans conquered the Yucatan peninsula.
The city center was reserved for the Plaza Mayor and the sacred stones of the indigenous temples were used to build the houses and public buildings for the conquerors. It is characterized by its colonial architecture, in a sober style, where there are buildings with high ceilings and large windows (predominantly in the current Historic Center).
During the Colony, its urban development was concentric and according to the canons of the time: it followed a quadrangular scheme with streets laid out like a chessboard, the original structure of which continues to this day. Towards the four cardinal points of its Plaza Mayor, the population would finally be divided into four sections with their neighborhoods, which also adopted the names of their patron saints, in such a way that San Sebastián, to the west Santiago and Santa Catarina ( today Centennial Park), to the east San Cristóbal, and to the north Santa Lucía and Santa Ana.
The city marked its limits by means of seven arches, however, the urban overflow enveloped them and now only three structures remain (San Juan, Dragones and that of the Bridge) as witnesses of what the urban layout was in the colonial era.
At the end of the XNUMXth century, the increasing economic development and the henequenian boom caused the construction of imposing haciendas and beautiful large houses that gave the city another appearance, which can still be seen in the traditional Paseo de Montejo, one of the attractions of the area .
In the year 2000, the city was named American Capital of Culture due to the impulse it has given to cultural activities, being the first city to receive this distinction, which has once again been awarded for the year 2017. The city has been headquarters of two binational meetings United States - Mexico, the first in 1999, and the second in 2007.
In 2011, the NGO International Committee for the Flag of Peace granted the recognition of "City of Peace" to Mérida, due to its remarkable social security, as well as being the venue of the II Summit of the Alliance of the same year. Peaceful. In 2014, the city hosted the VI Summit of the Association of Caribbean States, receiving more than 25 heads of state. In November 2015, the city received Cuban President Raúl Castro on his first visit as head of state to Mexico, at a bilateral meeting.In September 2019, the city hosted the XVII Summit of Laureates to the Nobel Prize for La Paz, an international organization started by Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1990s, gathering more than 30 laureates.