El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archaeological zone (300-1200) of Totonac origin that is located near the city of Papantla, Veracruz, Mexico. The city of Tajín is believed to have been the capital of the Totonaca empire and reached its peak in the transition to the Postclassic, also known as the Mesoamerican Epiclassic Period, between the years 800 and 1150; El Tajín has several ball courts and staggered temples.
The construction of ceremonial buildings in the Tajín probably began in the 4st century. In the early Mesoamerican Classic Period, the Tajín showed Teotihuacan influence as it can be seen in urban planning, architecture, painting, sculpture and ceramics; XNUMXwhile that in the Postclassic showed Toltec influence.
Decadence of Tajín
The site was already completely depopulated when the Spanish conquerors arrived in the XNUMXth century, so it was not destroyed and its existence was kept a secret for a couple of centuries.
Cortés arrives in Veracruz.
El Tajín was the largest city on the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico and dominated the territory limited by the Tecolutla and Cazones river basins, between 650 and 950 AD. The rulers of this capital extended their hegemony from the Sierra Madre basement. Eastern to the coastal plains of the gulf, in the present states of Puebla and Veracruz.