Tampico is a city and port in northeast Mexico in the state of Tamaulipas. The most important commercial and tourist area of ​​the state is the capital of the state of Tamaulipas, which makes it an important city in the Huasteca Region. Based on the INEGI intercensal survey 2015, the city of Tampico has an estimated population of 314 inhabitants, being the most populous city in the Tampico Metropolitan Area and the fifth in the state.

Old town of Tampico

Huasteca archaeological piece
The word "Tampico" has its origins in the Huastecan voices Tam "place of" and Pico "dogs". The authors and historians have not been able to agree on the word Tampico and its true meaning, place of water dogs or place of otters, since in historical documents the use of domestic dogs has been found in the city coat of arms . In the municipal palace of the city two shields are found on its facade, both with canids.

In 1520, under Garay's orders, four boats under the command of Alonso Álvarez de Pineda, left the island of Jamaica and traveled the coast of the Gulf of Mexico to the Florida peninsula. Upon their return they tried to establish a garrison on the banks of the Pánuco River, being repelled by the Huastecs, retreating to the south where they found the Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz de Hernán Cortés established, who captured a handful of soldiers and returned the expedition to Jamaica . That same year, Garay sent a second expedition under the command of Diego de Camargo, which again failed before the attack of the Huastecs, the survivors joining the forces of Cortés. In 1522, after the conquest of Tenochtitlan ended, Cortés organized an expedition to the Pánuco River to avenge the dead. Meanwhile Garay got the appointment in advance to colonize the place when the region arrived was unpopulated, so he agreed with Cortés in Mexico City. But Garay died suddenly within a few days, leaving Hernán Cortés as executor, along with the armed forces.

After 1532 Fray Andrés de Olmos, under constant pirate attacks, offered his protection to the natives and it was then that on April 26, 1554, the foundation of a monastery of the order of the Franciscans began, forming the town of San Luis de Tampico, which was located on the southern bank of the Pánuco, where Pueblo Viejo, Veracruz, is now, formerly called Pueblo Viejo de Tampico, as a result of the fact that around 1754 a large group of settlers moved south to found the Villa de Tampico Alto , due to pirate attacks on merchants in the Villa de Tampico.

The frequent trips of Fray Andrés de Olmos did not stop the abuse of pirates, for this reason they migrated to different places on the River Tamesí. This was the Tampico Joya, the harshness of the living conditions motivated him to vote for any of these two options: leave or stay in this place. Thus founding the new town on January 15, 1754 with the name of town of San Salvador, now known as Tampico Alto, Veracruz.

The crab is one of the main elements of the gastronomy of Tampica. It is consumed naturally, cooked with salt and water; baked and in cake. Shrimp empanadas, shrimp cakes, lisa roe cakes, pumpkin and shrimp flower tamales, wrapped in banana leaves, made with dough and beef lard, ceviche de lisa, wrapped with seafood, the traditional bard cake and the internationally known meat roasted to the tampiqueña are the main and varied dishes of this municipality.