San Luis de Potosí
SAN LUIS POTOSI
Founded in 1592, the capital of Potosí is the legacy of generations that have had a firm aspiration to build a city proud of its culture, its history and its people, and the Historic Center is a faithful testimony to this. The attractions that are concentrated here are so close to each other that you can explore them on foot, with the help of the map that we share here.
A warm reception
La Parade groundWith its arches and cobblestones, it welcomes you to discover the character and temperament of this city dotted with fountains, gardens and wrapped in quarry aromas. On one side of this square you will find the maximum architectural jewel of Potosí: the Metropolitan Cathedral, which dates from 1670-1730 and whose baroque style treasures a repertoire of sacred art, such as the sculptures of the twelve apostles, sculpted in Carrara marble. Visit the city Hall, built in 1835, and knows its hectic history through the guided tours offered by the Municipal Tourism Directorate from Monday to Friday.
A few steps away, the neoclassical cover of the government palaceIt opens its doors to discover spaces that narrate relevant passages of Mexican history, such as the Ponciano Arriaga Room, where President Benito Juárez established in 1963 the Supreme Court of Justice.
Just one street you will find the emblematic Plaza of the Founders, which used to be the axis of the city in its beginnings, and around it constructions that were transcendental in the political, economic, intellectual and educational development of the entity, such as the Central Building of the University, where in 1861 the Literary Scientific Institute was founded which became in 1923 the first autonomous university in Mexico. Attached are the Parish of El Sagrario, which between 1855 and 1866 held the rank of provisional cathedral, and the Parish of Loreto, whose baroque facade led it to be considered the most beautiful temple built by the Jesuits in Mexico. In a corner and occupying an entire block, the Ipiña building, an ambitious project that was ahead in design and functionality to its time - it was built between 1906 and 1912 -, since it integrated houses, offices, cinema and radio station, among other activities.
To the south, three buildings come together to tell you surprising stories: the Royal box, a national monument where in the XNUMXth century a fifth of the real mining tax was protected; the Monumental Palace,residence-prison of Francisco I. Madero in 1910 where the foundations were laid for the Plan of San Luis, a precursor document of the Mexican Revolution; and The Lonja, with its frenchified interiors in which the high society of Potosí coexists
Part of the usual tour of the Potosí families occurs in the San Francisco gardenIt welcomes you to offer you another recreational show starting with its baroque temple, which treasures valuable pictorial works and a beautiful sacristy inside. Admire the Building of the Ministry of Culturewith its unique cookie-shaped ornamentation. Behind the temple, the esplanade of the Plaza de Aranzazú is presented as an elegant lobby to enter the Potosino Regional Museumthat exhibits archaeological pieces from the region and on the upper floor is the Aranzazú Chapel shelters a gallery.
On the return to the heart of the Historic Center we suggest you make a stopover to admire the Temple of San Agustín(with its slender baroque tower from the XNUMXth century), and then take you to the space with the greatest historical, religious and artistic convergence in the city: the Plaza del Carmen. Here, tradition first marks a visit to the Temple of Carmen, a national monument of notable Mexican baroque style on its facade and highlighting the churrigueresque altarpiece ofThe Seven Princes. Upon leaving the temple, you will immediately find yourself in front of a building that was part of the former convent of the Carmelite Order and that today accommodates the Viceroyalty Museumwith a collection of religious paintings, old portraits, luxury objects, wrought iron pieces and sculptures, as well as offering concerts and temporary artistic exhibitions of different genres.
The cultural repertoire of the square has another representative of ancestry in the Theater of Peace, a neoclassical Porfirian building with a French influence through which the capital's great cultural shows parade Competing in majesty, just in front of the theater the doors of the National Museum of the Maskwith its wide permanent sample of Mexican masks from all over the country. Made in different techniques and materials, all have been used in funeral rituals, thanksgiving or request. Another area of the museum recreates with original furniture the setting of a residence from the end of the XNUMXth century; while a third room offers you various artistic exhibitions.
But without a doubt what will most attract your attention will be the Centennial Center for the Arts, a historical monument that until 1999 was a prison and today is the most innovative artistic educational project in the city. Awarded with a national conservation award, in addition to offering courses in music, dance, theater, painting and literature, among other disciplines, it presents art exhibitions and guided tours that will reveal your prison past. The completion of the cobblestone path coincides with the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Guadalupe, which is still preserved with the tallest towers in the city (53.2 meters).
The places of interest that the capital offers you are not limited to the Historic Center. Distributed in the rest of the urban area, a short distance away are other highly recommended attractions that will complete the repertoire on your visit to the city.
More than 400 hectares of natural spaces place the Tangamanga Park Ias one of the largest urban forests in the country. Its recreational diversity integrates an artificial lake with ducks, bicycle paths, sports fields, the mysterious Enchanted Castle and the Tangamanga Splash water park. As a cultural alternative this park houses the Theater of the City and the Planetarium.
During your visit to the park, sensitivity, creativity and your interest in learning will be activated when you know the Labyrinth Museum of Sciences and Arts. Designed to playfully interact with artistic and scientific expressions, it offers more than 160 exhibitions in five themed rooms. In addition, it has an observatory, farm animals, an open-air forum, artistic exhibitions, and XNUMXD cinema screenings.