The civilizations of ancient Mexico have left us various teachings. They were cultures that handled the information of the astral bodies completely, several studies affirm that the Mayans were a very intelligent civilization, and they based most of their decisions regarding the position of the stars.
They believed that the different deities they worshiped were found in the stars, they always performed several rituals to keep their gods happy so they could fill their villages with prosperity.
One of their most important traditions is the one that happened every March 21, the spring equinox.
What is an equinox?
It is an astronomical event that takes place twice a year, one is on March 21, indicating the beginning of spring in the southern hemisphere, and another in September, indicating the beginning of autumn. What happens on an equinox is that the Sun aligns itself with the Equator of the Earth, causing both day and night to have the same duration.
Ahead of their time
One of the traditions best known by the Mayans today is that of visiting the pyramids of Chichén Itzá, during the equinoxes. They offered tributes, and human sacrifices during those dates, in order to keep the Gods happy.
They built the Pyramid of the Sun in such a way that on equinox days, it can be appreciated thanks to the sun's rays, as the god Kukulkán, known as the 'feathered serpent', makes a descent from the pyramid, an incredible visual spectacle . In March the god Kukulkán descends to the underworld, and in September he performs his return to heaven.
It is speculated that the Mayans must have made several miniature models of the pyramid in order to achieve this optical illusion, thanks to the corners of its facade, it is possible to glimpse how the shadow connects with the serpent's head that is located at the base of the pyramid.
The meaning for them was that it was a good time to start seeding their crops, and that in September it would be time to harvest.
Discover more places where you can connect with nature in our blog 13 Natural Wonders of Mexico.
El Tajín, Veracruz
In the archaeological zone located in Veracruz, known as El Tajín, the arrival of the equinox is also received, perfect to charge our body and soul with positive energy.
In the past, only priests, ball players and rulers could enter this ceremonial center, but today we have the opportunity to learn more about it, as well as the Totonac culture. Recent studies reveal that the magnificent "Piramide de los Nichos" was not built to be used as a temple, it was built in order to be able to venerate the Sun, and to know in a sure manner when the spring equinox would arrive.
Teotihuacán, State of Mexico
One of the most emblematic archaeological sites in the country, Teotihuacan. Its name in Nahuatl means 'city of the gods', and it contains two of the most important pyramids of ancient Mexico.
What better place to honor the Sun and the Moon, than on the pyramids dedicated to them, visitors usually climb to the top, to be among the first to receive the sun's rays. All this to be able to recharge with cosmic energies.
If you want to know other place to connect with your soul, we recommend you read the following note: Tulum, a relief for the soul.
Find out more about Mexico and its past in our next blog posts.
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