Indigenous languages that Mexico conserves

usuario Alejandra Arellano

The first words of the new world

Mexico has an extraordinary linguistic diversity. It is one of the countries with the most indigenous languages! A total of 68 native languages are spoken, divided into more than 350 linguistic variants.

It is estimated that more than 7 million Mexicans speak an indigenous language, in which the following stand out: Nahuatl, Maya, Otomí, Mixteco, Zapoteco, Totonaco, Chol and Mazateco. But there are also others that are less widely spoken and are gradually disappearing, such as Ku'ahl and Kiliwa, which belong to 60% of the languages close to disappearance.

For Mexico, each culture and each language is an important treasure to conserve, for all humanity, without the indigenous peoples, the Mexico we know today is moving away from a peaceful and diverse place.

Our commitment is to help this beautiful ancestral culture that Mexico protects does not fade, here you have a list of the precious indigenous languages and the wonderful destinations from which they originate.

Each destination is an ancestral indigenous language


This beautiful language is one of the most ancient and best known, since it has existed since at least the 5th century, covering all of Mesoamerica.

Nahuatl is currently spoken in many cities and states in Mexico such as Puebla, the land of volcanoes and a great World Heritage Site, here it is very common that in the streets of its beautiful Historic Center and in its colonial temples you hear this incredible language being spoken, in the surroundings of this destination or in its towns such as the Magical Town of Cholula where its delightful gastronomy will teach you the tradition of this beautiful language.

Another magical destination is Oaxaca, where the mezcal is prepared, here Nahuatl can be found especially in artisan and cultural areas such as textile factories and artisan shops, as well as in its Santo Domingo Cultural Center where you will find its old Dominican order convent.


The Mayan language is one of the oldest, although it is not known exactly since when it existed, but it is estimated that in the pre-classic period this indigenous language was already well known and spoken.

In our time this admirable language can be appreciated in the incredible Yucatan Peninsula. The beautiful beaches of Quintana Roo have witnessed the Mayan roots for centuries and it is in its divine Magical Towns such as Bacalar, there you will find La Laguna de Bacalar and its crystalline Cenote Azul, they have been cared for for centuries thanks to an admirable Mayan community. The beautiful Isla Mujeres is another Magical Town where great features of this beautiful language are found with every step you take, from its beautiful Mayan vestiges such as the Temple of Ixchel and its blue beaches.

Campeche also conserves this admirable indigenous language. In this beautiful and architectural place known for being the only walled city, the Mayan communities are present in every corner, their magical language can be heard especially in areas of the Historic Center and in parishes and temples such as the San Francisquito Church. The incredible crafts from here are made by hand as are their huipiles and the hats which are woven in the caves of Bécal.


The Otomí language is another Mesoamerican language, this is the seventh most widely spoken language in Mexico and historical sources say that it began to be used in some states in the sixteenth century although it cannot be known if it was the same as we now know it today.

Being one of the popular ones, the Otomí can be found in the state of Guanajuato, especially in its small towns such as Cieneguilla and the neighboring community of Tierra Blanca. But also it is common to find these roots in its capital.

In the Estado de Mexico you can find Temoaya, the homeland of the Otomí people. This small rural town is unique for its great Otomi roots as it has the largest number of speakers of this magnificent language, which is considered as "the first light of dawn in our history." Apart from its admirable culture, here is an open religious enclosure that shows the presence of this ethnic group. The Otomí Ceremonial Center, although it is centuries old, is still used for beautiful rituals.

Mexico has a great diversity in everything but its indigenous communities are the ones that have seen this country grow and have been part of this wonderful variety of cultures.

Indigenous languages are the meaning of harmony and diversity, something that this magnificent country should never lose.

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