Mayas, Olmecs, Aztecs, Toltecs, Zapotecs, Totonacs, Chichimecs. From a distance it is hard to make out the differences, but the archeological sits of Mexico explain step by step the characteristics of the peoples that forged its culture.
Pottery, stelae, codexes, mural paintings and constructions in every shape and size commemorate the gods you will discover in these sites: butterflies, serpents, huge male and female figures both fertile and wrathful, who were venerated and feared.
According to Mexica mythology, Huitzilopochtli, the son of Coatlicue and associated with the sun, had to do away with his brothers in order to survive and to show the Mexica people where to build their city, which is today the capital of the country. His mother, the goddess of life and death, appears with half a face and half a skull, in a representation of this duality.
Another interesting figure is Quetzalcóatl, the Aztec god represented by a plumed serpent who often appears on buildings, who promised to return one day to lead his people. For the people of Teotihuacan and the Nahua, the god Tláloc was the one who ruled over the harvest with his control of the rains, and they made offerings to him to ensure abundance. For the Mayans this same god was known as Chaac, who lived in the cenotes (sinkholes), the doors to the underworld.
Dominating the vast territories of Mexico was an arduous task, reserved for the best organized, most powerful and capable groups. You can relive the efforts that mothers, explorers, urban planners and warriors, led by priests and scientists, made to establish themselves even in the most remote corners of the country.
A deep belief in the divine produced complex mythologies, cosmogonies and customs that today still live on in the hearts of Mexicans, proud of this legacy that was transformed with the arrival of the Spanish but which you can still see for yourself first hand.