This ceremony center of the Mayan World located at 126 kilometers from Palenque, features 97 buildings, tow ball courts, 38 graves and 37 sculpture pieces, showcased in the interesting Museo de Sitio (Site Museum). Settled on a natural forest ground in the north of the municipality of Ocosingo, Tonina reached its splendor as well as Tikal, Copan and Palenque, in the late Classic period, which figures based in monsters of the Earth, heavenly fouls, aquatic deities and dragons from the underworld match with such sacred city. Framed by jungle and forest vegetation, this archaeological zone shows hieroglyphic inscriptions that represent the divine and historical calendar of the Mayan.
The splendor time of Tonina was between 600 and 900 AD which belongs to the late Classic period. This city which name means in tzeltal tongue “the house of stone” or “large houses of stone”, was a military power as shown in its inscriptions about prisoners.
Of clayish grounds, this archaeological place presents an important architectonic group where the Acropolis stands out, a pyramid of 70 meters in height, considered as one of the tallest buildings of Middle America. This construction is formed by seven platforms, ten temples and four palaces, communicated among them by staircases and labyrinth-like walkways. A buried Mayan ruler lies on each platform.
Among its main constructions stand out the Great Pyramid that embraces the Palace of the Underworld; the Temple of Prisoners, the Temple of Smoking Mirror, the War Palace and the Temple of the Earth Monster, that houses the Mural of the Four Eras, describing the main Mayan deities in accordance to the legend of the four suns.
When visiting this pre-Hispanic place, it is important to wear fresh and comfortable clothes, since the trip will take a considerable walking time. Mosquito repellent, sun screen and a raincoat are recommended, due to the warm weather and rains presented.