Seat of the executive federal power of the Mexican Republic, the Federal District is one of the oldest cities in America. It was recognized as Heritage City in 1987 due to its Historic Center and its Xochimilco National Park.
Why did it receive this distinction?
The Historic Center, called the heart of the city, was recognized because of its historical and cultural value; as it represents an unparalleled example of urban settlement and because it establishes the blend of two cultures in its buildings, houses, streets and cathedral.
Meanwhile, Xochimilco holds the title of World Heritage Site due to its chinampas (floating gardens or small areas of fertile soil on the surface of lakes) which demonstrate the exceptional work carried out by its ancient inhabitants in order to build their habitat in a less than favorable territory.
What to do?
Stroll along the center of the city; visit its historic monuments such as the Palacio de Bellas Artes (the Palace of Fine Arts), the Metropolitan Cathedral, the Templo Mayor, the archaeological site located in the country’s capital, the National Palace and its streets, shrouded in history and urbanity.
In Xochimilco, board a trajinera (a boat decorated with embedded flowers), and sail leisurely through the canals, while enjoying traditional food and the large variety of flowers offered in the surrounding areas. The time spent on board the trajineras is something you will not easily forget.
You must visit
Paseo de la Reforma, the Zocalo, the Colegio de San Ildefonso, the Metropolitan Cathedral, theTemplo Mayor, the Casa de los Azulejos (House of Tiles), Chapultepec Castle, the center of Coyoacan, Xochimiclo Ecological Park, the San Bernardino de Siena Church and the National Museum of Anthropology.