In the mountainous interior of Baja California Sur, between Loreto and Bahía de Los Angeles, lies the Sierra de San Francisco, home to a fascinating collection of Aboriginal cave paintings dating back approximately one thousand or 1,500 years. The murals found there have been designated for special protection by UNESCO.
Although the meaning of the paintings is not clear, all of them show activities such as hunting, magic, the renewal of life and a profound view of the world. The paintings found in the caves of the Sierra de Guadalupe, in the El Vizcaino Desert, are one of the most important cultural historic heritages of its kind in the world. Here you can see the former inhabitants of California colored with mineral pigments outlining a wonderful abstract art which shows men with a great interest in nature.
On the other hand, the paintings found in the Cuevas Pintas, located in the Sierra La Giganta, 16 km (About 9 miles) to the west of Loreto, are a set of abstract figures in black, red, yellow and white, which are linked to the ideology of peninsular cultures. Unfortunately this site was buried by a flood in 2013 and is not longer accesible. The local government is working on rescuing the site.The site called La Pingüica houses paintings in canyons and bedrock.
The paintings found in the Cueva La Pintada are considered among the best examples of cave paintings. They are located in a cliff and show dozens of human representations in black and ochre, in a variety of positions and wielding weapons. They also contain images of animals, such as birds and reptiles.
The Loreto murals are much larger and more numerous than those found in many places in Europe, in Altamira, Tamaulipas or in Lascaux, France. These are located 120 km (75 miles) from the town of San Ignacio, to the northeast of Santa Rosalía, and can only be visited with the authorization of guides who will take you to the place on foot, or on board a 4x4 vehicle. Ask about these tours at the local tourist agencies.